Vetting & Injuries
If your horse gets hurt in a race, you will get a note in their race history. An icon will also appear on your stable page next to their name to let you know they are injured. If this happens, you will need to take your horse to the Veterinarian, found via the Services tab. Once you're there, you can select your horse in the drop-down menu to do an exam to find out what the extent of the injury is. The standard evaluation fee is $10,000, which should cover all expenses for minor injuries. More extensive injuries may require more complicated treatments or surgeries, and will be priced accordingly. The most expensive injury (which would be incredibly rare) could cost $200,000.
Rather than charging your account directly, the cost of all vet services will be added to your vet bill. This will ensure that you can always get your horses checked out and treated right away, even if they require an expensive surgery. You won't have to worry about your bank going negative or having to wait to check/fix an injured horse if you're low on cash.You can pay the vet whenever you choose. To pay the vet, go the the Veterinarian page under the Services tab. There will be a Vet Bills section, which will display the current amount you owe. You may choose to pay all or only some of your vet bill at any given time, using the payment line (do not use a comma when inputting values). Keep in mind that a 5% interest will be added to the bill at the end of each month if you have not payed your bill. Also, if your bill reaches $250,000, you will be unable to use the Horse Trader or Rescue. If your bill reaches $1,000,000, you will be unable to use veterinary services.
Injuries are classified as minor or major. Minor injuries may heal immediately upon being treated by a vet, or may keep the horses out of races for a month or two while they rehabilitate. Major injuries are much more severe and will almost always require a period of stall rest followed by another period of rehabilitation. Some major injuries will require surgery, this will happen immediately, and will be mentioned in the note you get from the vet when you have the horse examined. Major injuries can, very rarely, cause a horse to need to be retired or even euthanized.
Most injuries happen for a reason. Though they can randomly occur, the odds of this are low and most of the time will only result in minor injuries. Most injuries are caused by factors such as: racing at the wrong distance, racing an immature horse, racing an unhealthy horse, or racing when a horse is unfit or has extremely low energy.
Some horses may be prone to injury. The innate likelihood of a horse getting hurt is called 'risk'. This factor is influenced by a horse's conformation genes, but has some degree of randomness. Not all horses with bad conformation have high risk, and some horses with perfect conformation will have high risk. If your horse is born with high risk, you can feed them Defend to lower it and reduce the chance of getting hurt in races. Injuries will also have an impact on the overall soundness of the horse. Injuries will reduce soundness and increase risk to a small degree. This means that a series of injures will make a horse progressively less sound for racing, leading to them becoming more injury prone. If you want to avoid this, simply follow strong breeding and racing/training practices. Breed for decent conformation genes, don't race horses who are immature, and avoid other things that increase risk.
When a horse is injured you can not race it or exercise it. A different set of exercise options will show up there as well as information about their current injury. This information will include the type of injury, prognosis, and severity. Severity is especially important to pay attention to because this will change as the horse recovers - which will also update the recovery time. Most minor injuries will have a severity under 20-30%. More common major injuries will be under 70%. Very high severity injuries (into the 90% range) are pretty rare.
The severity of your injury will determine what types of rehabilitation exercises you can do. Superficial injuries (lacerations, bruises, dehydration) will often only require a little first aid before the horse can get back to regular training. Horses who are just coming out of surgery or have an otherwise serious injury may need stall rest for awhile. After stall rest they may begin very casual exercises such as physiotherapy (stretches and the like) or hydrotherapy. Horses who are well on the road to recovery can start hand walking or using a hot walker. Finally, horses who are just about ready to hit the track again can do reconditioning workouts to start getting back into running shape.
Unlike regular exercises, you can only do one rehabilitation session per month. Though you can only do one rehab workout a month, you can do it even if the horse has already had other training. Ex. A horse that was trained and raced in Meet A and is injured can then be rehabilitated in Meet B.
If you have the training skill to purchase rehabilitation therapy equipment, you can do so from your normal spot on the stable expansion page. You can purchase hot walkers or hydrotherapy pools there. These will offer increased rates of healing as well as other bonuses, so they're always the best option to use if you have one available. Hot walking is a more intensive form of hand walking, while hydrotherapy is a more intensive form of physiotherapy.